Sendai Camp #6-B
Osarizawa (Hanawa), Akita

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AKITA-ken, KATSUNO-gun, OSARUSAWA-mura. [Osarizawa-mura]
Satellite view
Relief map- location in relation to other camps
Aerial (May 1948; courtesy of Japan Map Archives)
Old Osarizawa Mine site
Definitions: Japanese location terminology

Camp Timeline:

8 Sep 1944: Established as Tokyo 8-B (OSARUSAWA KOZAN)- ex hell ship Noto Maru
14 Apr 1945: Jurisdictional control transferred from Tokyo POW Camp 8-B to Sendai POW Camp. Established as Sendai Branch Camp No. 6-B, (MITSUBISHI KOGYO OSARUSAWA [aka HANAWA] KOZAN)
September 1945: Rescue effected

Camp logbook (Source: Adrian Martin)

Camp History:
Five-page essay by James T. Murphy

Hanawa liberationCamp photograph taken at rescue
(courtesy of James Murphy)

Original included here:
Photographs of Hanawa camp, taken at liberation, Sept. 1945

Japanese Camp Staff:
George Cobb stated that a Japanese guard nicknamed "Happy" (ore crushing detail) covered for men who were unable to work and smuggled in food. POWs gave him a letter asking that he be given assistance by the liberators.

War Crimes Trial:
Tsuchiya, Hichiro, Mine Foreman, Osarizawa Mining Company (copper mine), near Sendai Area PW Camps No. 6 and 7, Hanawa, Honshu, Japan

Interview with George E. Cobb, POW # 35
Harry Whittinghill Memoir- describes ordeal of capture on Bataan through rescue at Hanawa. No dates specified.
Arthur Walker Collection: Our Baby B-25 Survivor (courtesy of John Abbott
Henry G. Stanley Collection (courtesy of Stanley's niece, Gail)

Japanese Commandant's announcement that war is over (illustrated)

Modern View of Camp:
Link to current Japanese page for this camp, now a "Theme Park" for mining. Known as the "Mine Land Osarizawa." An interesting trip to this location is here.

Asst. Sendai #6 images - includes info on John Batey and James Gibson

Primary Labor Use:
Slave labor camp for Mitsubishi Company's Osarizawa Copper Mine.

Article from July 2015 re Mitsubishi Materials Corp.: "Japanese Company Apologizes to POWs"

Hell Ship:
500 men arrived on board the Noto Maru that departed Manila 14 Aug 1944 for Moji, Japan (brief stop in southern Formosa port of Takao). The POWs arrived at this camp on 9 Sep 1944.
Commonwealth- Hellship not known

Camp Rosters at Liberation:
Total = 545 (494 American, 50 British, 1 Australian)
Roster at liberation, Sep 1945 - includes deceased
American Army, Navy, USMC
British (includes one Australian, RAAF)

Original rosters (PDF) - US, British, Australian
Roster of assorted nationalities at Tokyo and Sendai camps (PDF) - Hanawa camp specifically listed in this roster

Roster Aug. 15, 1945 (RG 389 Box 2070)
Roster with NOK (RG 389 Box 2071) - US, British, Australian

List of deceased at Hanawa: (includes dates, cause and next of kin)

James Murphy, 1941
James Murphy 1941
Complete rosters - Compiled, edited and verified by former POW James T. Murphy and his wife, Nancy, from records obtained at the National Archives by Roger Mansell. List of all ranks include serial number, place of capture and service. List of deceased includes date, cause and next of kin.
Jim's story (5 pages)

Books Describing Life at Hanawa:

“..when men must live”
by Kenneth B. and James T. Murphy (I West Publications, Livermore, CA, 2009) - Memoir of Army Air Corps Tech Sgt James T. Murphy captured on Bataan and eventually rescued at Sendai #6, Hanawa. Extensive description of initial attacks on Nichols Field, Bataan battles and experiences in various POW camps. Good detail of the hell ship, Noto Maru. The values instilled in him as a youth allowed him to survive. Contact

Brothers From Bataan by Adrian R. Martin - Excellent research by nephew of a POW who perished in this camp. Also includes copy of souvenir roster prepared by a survivor. Has roster of Noto Maru and Las Piρas labor detail. Rosters have numerous errors since the "camp prepared" rosters were typewritten and not proofed against personnel records. Ask for compiled roster by this Center.

"I Am Alive" by Sgt Maj Charles R. Jackson, USMC, edited by Major Bruce Norton. Somewhat disorganized and limited descriptions but fascinating reading.

The Expendable Garrison by Warren Jorgenson (Tate Pub. 2015) - Good biography covering this Marine's time in the Midwest US, Shanghai, Corregidor and Hanawa.

Webpage on Frank Goldstein and interview (MOV files) by the Proviso School Project
Photos of men:

Courtesy of Jim Opolony
H10 – Lee Dix
H11 – Oscar Gullickson
H12 – Jesse Jarrett
H25 – Howard Flowers
H26 – Willborn Racewell
H27 – Donald Bowman
H40 – Leonard Hallman
H41 – Earl Johnson
H42 – Phillip Mann
H58 – Floyd Conn
H59 – Wilbert Gustafson
H60 - Roy Washburn (Could be H260)
H61 – Edward White
H62 – John Abramowicz
H63 – Cecil Ammons
H67 – Archie Golson
H68 – Walter Howard
H70 – Harry E. Sanders
H71 – Marvin Shearwood
H72 – James Tribby