POW Camp #13-B
Osaka Camp 13-B TSUMORI
OSAKA-shi, NISHINARI-ku, TSUMORI-machi 280-1
(Opposite Kizugawa Cement plant on the Kizugawa River per Glusman)
20 Aug 1943: Established
26 Mar 1944: 4 doctors arrive plus Irvin, Hildebrand, Flood, Wallace & Stradley ex Kenwa Maru.
16 May 1945: Terminated; POWs transferred to TOKYO POW CAMP- most likely Ikuno per Japan Research Network
Sketch of camp layout based upon Hornsby drawing and affidavit
Morita Report: (RG 331 Box 949)
Tsumori POW Camp- Osaka Branch 13
Address: 1,280 Tsumori-cho, Nichinari-ku, Osaka City.
22 August 1943: Camp was established.
Prisoners arrived as follows:
24 Aug 1943: 400 Americans from Shanghai (200 according to Marine John W Whipple)
5 Oct 1943: 12 Americans from Philippines
17 Oct 1943: 9 Americans & British from Formosa
5 Dec 1943: 385 Dutch from Java [reports Hawaii as the Hell ship]
26 Mar 1944: 34 American and Dutch from Philippines (US men ex Kenwa Maru)
8 April 1944: Drs Berley & Glusman depart- Glusman goes to Wakayama (previously all Brit camp with 3 Aussies)- ex Hong Kong
250 British from Thailand - date of arrival unknown
15 May 1945: All POWS transferred to Tokyo POW camp, Naoetsu (see roster below)
11 May 1945: Camp closed [should read 16 May]
Camp was again used on a temporary basis after Osaka Main camp was destroyed: (1 Jun 1945)
1 Jun 1945: Destroyed by air raid; moved temporarily to TSUMORI
Jul 1945: Moved to NISHINO-machi
Aug 1945: Renamed Osaka 1-B
Sep 1945: Rescue effected
11 Sep 1943 - 7 Dec 1944: 1st Lt Syuntaro Habe
7 Dec 1944 - 16 May 1945: 1st Lt Tashio Mari
a. Naniwa Shipbuilding Company, 211 Kita, Kagayo-cho, Sumioshi-ku, Osaka City
b. Fujinagata Shipyard, 44 Shibatani-cho, Sumioshi-ku, Osaka City
c. Namuna Shipyard, 275 Kita Kagaya-cho, Osaka
d. Sanko Shipyard- exact address unknown- next to Namuna
e. Sanoyazu Shipyard - exact address unknown- next to Namuna
POWs built ships, made machines, did repair work and stevedore work with some supervision set up.
Deceased Americans: Source: POW Research Network - Japan, with corrections by Roger Mansell
Deceased (RG 24 Box 6)
Partial Roster & Notes: courtesy of John Powers, NCM Historian
Story of Dutch soldier: J.J. (Joost) Wentink, LtZ 3rd class, Dutch Navy
Secret bomb shelter
From roof of barracks
Photo collection (hi-res, PDF) - interior and exterior photos of camp
Book about this camp:
John A.Glusman- "Conduct Under Fire" - four American Doctors and their fates as POWs. Glusman reports that the dead were cremated at funeral home of Tsukioka. Ashes placed in Juganji temple on Tanimachi Avenue in Chuo Ward, Osaka. Recovered remains at end of war. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!
Testimony of PFC Raymond Baggett:
RG 24, Record of Bur of Naval Personnel
Records relating to Japanese war crimes involving POWs
Affidavit states incident was at Osaka Camp #13 [actual camp was Yodogawa which was Osaka Camp #3]
Testimony of PFC Raymond Baggett, 280323, St Louis, MO
Jap CO= Col. Mori?
Guard: Okamatsu aka “Beast of Burden”
Baggett states he saw Chief commissary Steward Virgil Byrd [USS Quail] beaten to death, 11 May 1943. Byrd was beaten unconscious 3 times, revived and beaten again. Kicked each time he fell unconscious... finally kicked to death.
Crime? Sold extra pair of shoes to a Japanese workman.
Baggett arrived at Yodogawa on 26 Nov 1942- [ex Niigata Maru] and departed 16 April 1945 for “Camp Ouiama” [Oeyama]. Baggett remained there until end of war.
Beating witnessed by all of camp, Capt Richardson (medical officer)
|Roster of Transfer
Original scan courtesy of Jonathan Moffat; transcription courtesy of Bonita Gilbert
"Listed. POW transferred from Osaka to Tokyo. Report rec'vd from British Army Staff, Washington, D.C.
"A list of Ps.O.W. who were transferred from Osaka Camp to Tokyo Area Camp No. 1 at Naoetsu, Niigata Prefecture, Honshu after Osaka Camp was burned out (no casualty information). Report received from British Army Staff, Washington, D.C. LP 14-1-46"
366,Amer,C,Ching,L. W. B.,Civ.
375,Amer,C,Sanford,T. W. ,Civ.
376,Amer,C,Rivers,A. S. ,Civ.
380,Dutch,,Hommes,F. A. N.,Sgt.
385,Dutch,,Sturr,J. ?. E.,Sgt.
389,Brit,,Bateson,T. T.,S. Sgt.
390,Brit,,Brookes,A. H.,C. Sgt.
394,Brit,,Allen,R. F.? J.,Corp.
399,Brit,,Williamson,W. H.,L. Corp.
400,Brit,,Tucker,V. H.,L. Corp.
401,Brit,,Stannard,R. A.,L. Corp.
403,Brit,,Livingstone,J. L.,L. Corp.
415,Brit,,Bowler,R. J. T. ,Pte.
420,Brit,,Chad,F. G. ,Pte.
425,Brit,,Day,R. S. T.,Pte.
433,Brit,,Flint?,M. F. ?,Pte.
440,Brit,,Head, S. F. ,Gnr.
455,Amer,,Morgan,W. H.,Jr. Lt. Jg
460,Amer,,Icemana?,H. F.,S. Sgt.
461,Amer,,Hundley,H. W.,S. Sgt.
462,Amer,,Hotchkiss,C. K. ,S. Sgt.
463,Amer,M,Godwin,W. F.,Plat. Sgt.
466,Amer,M,Warsing?,J. W. Jr.,Sgt.
469,Amer,,Moynihan,M. P.,S. Sgt.
480,Amer,M,Broyles,E. M. Jr.,Pte.
487,Amer,M,Byrne,H. R. ,PFC.
488,Amer,M,Caldwell,R. R. ,PFC.
494,Amer,M,?anCamps,C. O. ,PFC.