Hiroshima 2B
formerly Zentsuji 3-B/ Fukuoka 13-B

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Zentsuji 3-D YAMANE
(SUMITOMO KOGYO) EHIME-ken, NII-gun, SUMINO-machi, YAMANE
Per IRRC: Niihama-shi, Ehime-ken
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Timeline:
22 Apr 1943
: Established as Fukuoka 13-B BESSHI EHIME-ken, NIIHAMA-machi
25 Apr 1943: First Dutch arrive ex Hawaii Maru
14 Jul 1943: Jurisdictional control transferred to ZENTSUJI POW CAMP 3-B
20 Jul 1943: Established at NIIHAMA-shi
8 Sep 1943: Red Cross officials supposedly "visit" camp; seen from distance only. No contact with POWs*
* Note from Center for Research:
IRCC took the word of Japanese officials as no actual visit was made.
14 Nov 1943: Moved to NIIHAMA-shi, ISOURA
10 Sep 1944: 300 men arrive ex Aki Maru per Vermin affidavit
13 Apr 1945: established as HIROSHIMA 2-B
(SUMITOMO KAGAKU KOGYO) EHIME-ken, NIIHAMA-shi, ISOURA
28 Aug 1945: First food drops
10 Sep 1945: Rescue Effected
Men sent by train through Zentsuji (picked up Yanks therein) then to port of Takamatsu thence ferry to Uno. Next train took men through Osaka to Wakayama.


Photos:
AWM Photo collection. Photograph PO2502.001; Shows former POWS lined up for food & delousing at nearby Wakanuri.
AWM - enter search tern "Niihama" in collections, Many more pictures including Japanese guards sentenced to death.
Assorted photos (PDF)


Reports:
On the treatment of POWS in the Niihama Camp - includes medical report
Report of Dutch Yamane party

Links:
Capt (Dr) David Hinder (Aussie) article relects on his experience at Niihama after the Atom bomb was dropped.

Journals of Victor Johannes Maria Vermin; External Link


Japanese Staff:
Capt Murakami - Camp Commander "Lopper"; War Crime trial sentenced to death.
Unknown guard: "Mickey Mouse"
Oka San - "Happy"
Hirai photo

Labor: Employed by Sumitomo
Yamane:
Copper Mine & smelter
Niihama: Casting Foundry for machine parts and a land reclamation project.

Hell Ships:
Hawaii Maru ex Singapore via Formosa; departed Changi 3 Apr 1943 and arrived Moji 24 April 1943. 300 men to Niihama included 250 Dutch per V.J.M Vermin (NEIA).

Aki Maru ex Singapore, 4 weeks in Manila Harbor, Formosa and Moji. Departed Singapore 1 July 1944- arrived Moji 8 Sep 1944; 1250 POWs. Australians placed into Niihama Camp

Book: Kurrah! An Australian POW in Changi, Thailand & Japan, 1942-1945 by F.W.G. "Bill" Power, Australia 2nd of the15th
NOTE: "Kurrah" is actually "kora" in Japanese, meaning "Hey!" or "Hey you!"

Camp consisted of 245 Australian men of whom 3 died; an unknown number of Dutch but almost all Australians ex-Thailand ex Changi.

Deceased:
External link (click on link for Hiroshima 2B)
Original death roster (PDF)

Rosters:
Australians: 245 include 3 deceased men; ranking man was Lt. Peter Selwyn Withycombe
Dutch Roster: 352 men
Original Australian and American roster (PDF)


In early September, the POWS discovered a civilian camp nearby (see Vermin Journal) that had not received supplies and the POWS carried food to them. This was Aiko Health Facility, 1741-1 Miyoshi-cho, Futami-gun. It contained nurses and medical officers from captured Dutch vessel, Op ten Noort
Total: 44

Francis Joseph Baker interview

Additonal Research by Netherlands researcher, John Slootmaekers regarding Red Cross records.
Intl Red Cross Committee:
Zentsuji POW Camp No. 3 (questionnaire 21 April 1944)
Address : Niihama-shi, Ehime-ken, Nippon
Opened 22 April1943
329 POW's at date - Dutch, 4 officers and 325 Dutch enlisted from Java; Visit [by IRCC] to camp: none to date
3 Red Cross relief goods per person issued, no mail and other parcels to date.