Sanyo POW Camp
Hiroshima #6 Branch Omine-Machi
Formerly Fukuoka 1-D
Hiroshima # 6B - Omine (Sanyo)
SANYO (UBE KYOGYO)
Omine-machi, Yamaguchi Prefecture (ken), Honshu.
CAUTION: Frequently confused with Omine, Fukuoka #5, also called Omine
Area Map Satellite
26 Nov 1942: Established as YAHATA Provisional POW CAMP UBE Branch Camp SANYO Detached Camp
1 Jan 1943: Renamed FUKUOKA POW CAMP UBE Branch Camp SANYO Detached Camp
1 Mar 1943: Renamed Fukuoka 6-B (Omine) [caution- this is NOT Fuk-06B-Mizumaki]
1 Dec 1943: Renamed Fukuoka 1-D
14 Apr 1945: Jurisdictional control transferred to Hiroshima POW Camp 4-D
Unk Date: Officers removed and sent to Sapporo Jail; returned after the surrender
Aug 1945: Renamed Hiroshima 6-B
15 Sep 1945: Rescue effected
The Camp was located at 34.11'N-131.12'E and was described as follows: "Camp is located on a hillside in the Onoda Coal Mine area, NE of Ube. POW housed in two-storied wooden buildings."
Red Cross Report:
C.A. Kengelbacher report of April 13th, 1943 on camp conditions. Notes Swiss have not been contacted nor able to speak to POWS.
CAUTION: Fukuoka # 5B Camp on Kyushu - also known as "Omine" Camp. We do not (currently) have rosters of that camp.
Swiss Red Cross Report:
Report submitted by Mr. C.A. Kanglebacher, a known sympathizer to the Japanese. During his visit of 13 April 1943, he did NOT meet with any if the prisoners nor their representatives.
Slave labor in coal mine.
Narrative as supplied by British historian Stephen Hagen.
Link to Taiwan POW Society News - Former POWs Revisit Omine Camp
British ex Singapore Maru; Americans on the Canadian Inventor; at least two American (2) medics on the Kenwa Maru. Those on the Canadian Inventor endured 62 days en route to Japan.
Americans: erroneously and earlier posted as Fukuoka#5; includes the deceased.
British: (Rescue roster)
XLS- Spreadsheet contains additional information (268kb)
Men who were at this camp: (Simple web search)
Boyd, Herbert Lee Corporal, 19th Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Squadron. Short narrative of his experience from Death MArch to Omine.
Turner, Gerald "Bud" - American, 4th Marines, Service Co.
Hauser family pictures of camp: Excellent pictures on the Proviso High School POW Research site
click on photo for larger image
[External link to pictures - Very slow loading, even on DSL- EXCELLENT SITE!]
More Pictures- Japanese captions
Facebook page of 2010 trip to Omine camp site, courtesy of Terry Smyth, whose father "was a gunner in the British 48th Light Anti Aircraft Regiment during WW2, for the most part of which he found himself undertaking slave labour in a Japanese coalmine... While in the camp, he made friends with three American servicemen: William F. Cowley, Russell W. Gerleman, and Leonard L. Rogers... On their last day of captivity, Leonard L. Rogers gave my father two drawings which I have treasured ever since. All three of his US friends wrote messages on the back of the drawing."